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Avoiding setbacks in manufacturing

sleepingworkers24240361.jpg All organizations seek to avoid setbacks in their manufacturing processes.There are a number of different ways that you can avoid setbacks in your manufacturing processes.One of the most popular and successful approaches to quality management and control that will help you avoid setbacks in your manufacturing processes is Six Sigma quality control and manufacturing organization.

In essence, six sigma is a management plan geared towards producing better results, better products, and better service.Developed by Joseph M. Juran and Peter Senge in conjunction with Motorola, six sigma is technically an objective of quality.This objective very specifically defines how variable a process needs to be in terms of product specifications in order to meet and exceed customer demands in terms of product quality and product reliability.

Confused?Well, that's the technical definition.Ultimately, six sigma is an overall quality management program that uses leadership approaches, makes use of business infrastructure, and different management tools.General Electric was one of the very first users of six sigma, after Motorola, and defines it as "a disciplined methodology of defining, measuring, analyzing, improving and controlling the quality in every one of the company's products, processes and transactions--with the ultimate goal of virtually eliminating all defects."

Six sigma is tailored to meet each company or business' specific needs.However, there are overall basics and tools that are used in order to achieve the ultimate level of organizational performance.The cycle of methods used is called DMAIC, which stands for define, measure, analyze, improve and control.The entire approach is oriented towards product--the quality, reliability, and production of quality products.Six sigma is different from other quality control approaches, because it combines statistical programs and tools with observation and experimentation.This means that experiments should take place on two levels, and then are analyzed using graphical methods.This is a combination of the analysis of product variance and also observation so as to aid instead of blocking the work of both statisticians and engineers.Another way to understand the basics of six sigma is to look at the term itself.Sigma, which is a Greek letter, is also a symbol used in statistics that measures how far a process (or product) moves from what is considered to be perfection.So basically, in six sigma, the idea is that if you can measure how many problems or defects exist in a process, then scientifically you can decide how to get rid of those defects and then move as close as possible to no problems or defects in a process or a system.

There are several basic and central concepts that form the basis of six sigma.First is critical to quality.These are the attributes of a product that the customer considers to be most important.Defect is the failure to provide what the customer ants.Process capability is what the process or the product is capable of delivering.Variation is based on what the customer feels about a process/product and sees in that product.Stable operations are the attempts to make sure that processes are always the same and predictable in an effort to ensure that the customer always feels the same way--good--about a process or product. DFSS stands for design for six sigma.This is the methodology that uses tools, measurements, and specific training geared towards helping you design the processes and products that meet the needs and expectations of your customers.

Six sigma is a highly technical and mathematical approach to product control and organizational efficiency.Individuals take courses in six sigma, and are then certified to be at different levels of understanding and proficiency.The terms for the different levels of certification are taken from martial arts practices that we're all generally familiar with--green belt, black belt, and master black belt.

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