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Child labor laws

teenboys26652293.jpgChild labor laws are covered under the Fair Labor Standards Act; other labor laws are also addressed under this topic, but child labor laws of one of the most important topics that are outlined in the Fair Labor Standards Act. Child labor laws is an important topic in manufacturing because of how many manufacturers have taken advantage of child labor to produce their goods, the goods can also be sold cheaper than others because of the abuse that is going on.

The Fair Labor Standards Act is designed to protect minors by giving them the chance to get an education before working full-time. It also protects minors because it prohibits them from working in certain industries that are bad for their health; it also prevents them from working under conditions that can be harmful to their health. The Fair Labor Standards Act affects all full-time and part-time workers in any work environment; this includes the private sector, and government jobs.

Here is a look at how the Fair Labor Standards Act protects minors in the course of their employment.

Number one: Minimum age

When it comes to setting, the minimum age that minors have to be when employed there is a difference in the age based on the type of job they will be doing. When doing any kind of hazardous work you have to be at least 18 years old, there is an exception though if you are doing agriculture work. If working in the agriculture work the minor has to be 16 years old. Even in agriculture there are some things a 16 year old cannot do because they are considered particularly hazardous, which these regulations are determined by the Secretary of Labor rather than the Fair Labor Standard Act. Even though the law states that you have to be 16 to work in agriculture and 18 to work in other hazardous industries, there are some exceptions to those laws. If the jobs that children are being required to do are not considered hazardous they can be 14 years old when working in agriculture and 16 years old to work in any other non-hazardous industry. In agriculture, there are also other exceptions for children under the age of 14 where they can work, but in most cases, the farm must be owned by a parent or guardian.

Number two: Hours of employment
How long a child can work is going to depend on the type of work that they are doing. In agriculture work there are not many restrictions on the hours a child works, they are only prohibited from working during school hours, unless it is a holiday or a break from school. In other industries, the rules about the hours children can work are much more restricted. Obviously, children who are 14 and 15 years old, and are working cannot work during normal school hours, but they also cannot work before 7:00 am or after 7:00 pm during the school year. They cannot work after 9:00 pm from June 1 to Labor Day. In addition, children who are 14 and 15 years old cannot work longer than 3 hours on a school day or more than 18 hours in a school week. If they are off school for summer vacation or other school break or on weekends, they cannot work longer than 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week. Children who are 16 or 17 years old, and are working in various industries do not have any restrictions when it comes to work hours or work times.

The one thing that you have to remember is that there are many exceptions to the child labor laws, but most of the exceptions are not going to apply in manufacturing.

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