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A look at Batch Production Manufacturing


There are many different manufacturing methods that can be looked at.The most common production methods are batch production, continuous production, job production and mass production. All four of these manufacturing methods are used throughout the world. There are manufacturing methods for any type of business and product that is being made out there. It is important to keep in mind that some manufacturing methods are better choices for certain business than others. But generally manufacturing methods have their place in the business world.

Batch production is a manufacturing method that is mostly used to produce products in batches. This is very different from continuous production or one-off production. Batch production manufacturing is used when all the components of a product are completed at a workstation before they move to the next one.

One of the major down side to batch manufacturing is that sometimes the line must be shut down, re-configured, and output tests must be taken before the next batch can then be produced. This is called "down time" and happens frequently with all batch manufacturing. The major upside of the batch manufacturing method is that it can reduce initial capital, and can be very helpful to companies who do not have the funds for continuous production lines.

The continuous production manufacturing method is when there is no break in the production line. Continuous production can greatly enhance automation. Continuous production also has the ability to use programmable logic controllers. It has been shown that most of the jobs done on continuous production can easily be automated. This greatly reduces the interference of human error. When using this manufacturing method businesses can use conveyors, elevators, feeders and similar items.

The main difference between batch manufacturing and continuous manufacturing is that any changes or maintenance that is needed on continuous manufacturing has to be done while work is going on. This means that high alertness and quick responsiveness needs to be present among the production workers.In addition Batch Production has a limited number of outputs due to the constraints of the method while continuous manufacturing is virtually unlimited.

There is another widely used manufacturing method called job production. Job production is used when a company manufactures a certain product for a specific customer. With job production the quality is typically much higher and customization is to the customer's exact requirements. There is greater flexibility and the workers are typically more motivated.

One major disadvantage of the manufacturing method of job production is that it has a higher cost of production. It is much slower than other production types and job production usually requires the use of specialist labor.

Batch production and job production are probably the two most related types of manufacturing except in job production the customer specifications must be met exactly and usually at a higher quality than is used with Batch production.In other words the work is much more customized with job production.

Mass production and job production are on the opposite ends of the production line. Mass production is when a product is produced in a mass amounts. Mass production typically uses moving tracks to move products that are partially done to the next section so that the next part can then be added. The unfinished product then moves on down the tracks or conveyor belts until it is finished.

There are both advantages and disadvantages to mass production, (as with all the various manufacturing methods). The main advantages to mass production are the time and money that is saved when producing large amounts of products, and the human error is drastically decreased because of all the machinery involved. The main disadvantages are that it is very difficult to change any designs and getting the customers customized preferences is very difficult.

The major differences between batch production and mass production are again the number that can be produced.Mass production allows an almost unlimited number of products to be produced while batch production has a more set output.

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