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How Batch Production Manufacturing is used


Batch production is used to produce any product in groups that are referred to as batches. A great example of batch production can be found in a bakery. The products that are sold in the bakery are made in batches of however many will fit in the baker's oven at a time. When that batch is completed, the baker will then start the process again with a new batch. Batch production techniques are also used in the manufacture of specialty chemicals such as active pharmaceutical ingredients, inks, paints and adhesives and many other items.

When choosing a method of production, there are several factors should be taken into account.Some of these are:

  • The type of market-If large volumes of standard products are required then the manufacturing company will tend towards flow production, however, if demand is for bespoke goods, then job production will be more appropriate.
  • Many firms would like the benefits from economies of scale with the ability to mass-produce a complete range of products. New technology is making it even easier for firms to produce multiple designs easily from the same machines.
  • Job production can change the fastest with an evolving market, which allows small firms to stay ahead of competitors. This is often not possible with strict Batch production.However, large firms have the advantage of being able to afford flow production, and so they can produce many more products.

Batch Production is used most often when a demand for a product is more regular than one off; and it can be divided into a number of different parts or operations. Batch production is the process of any product of goods which can be grouped in batches. An example of this is a bike manufacturer which makes many bikes that are similar in size and color and then repeats the process again with a new batch once the old batch is made.

Another example of this is clothes (where a batch of size 12 clothes in blue might be made, then a batch of size 10 in red), or carpets. This is also used when there are highly defined techniques that are used in the manufacture such as the production of specialty chemicals such as active pharmaceutical ingredients, inks, paints and adhesives.

It is important to note that there are inefficiencies associated with batch production.These inefficiencies can happen frequently as the equipment needed for the production must be stopped, re-configured, and its output tested before the next batch can be produced. This is referred to as "downtime" and can be costly for a manufacturer since all output must be stopped.

There are also many advantages of Batch production manufacturing; it is faster, cheaper, and (generally) easier to make than job production, but on the other hand it could restrict a manufacturing company to certain goods and could be difficult to adapt. Batch production works best for smaller business who cannot afford to make continuous production lines.

Companies frequently also use batch production as a trial run. This is because if a retailer buys a batch of a product and cannot sell them he/her will not make huge losses while other types of companies would.

There are skeptics in the world of manufacturing that feel that Batch Production Manufacturing has had its day.Many experts feel that in the mass produced world of today there is not place for smaller production runs.Other experts argue that while small businesses still have foot hold in manufacturing Batch production will always have a useful place in the production of goods in a cost effective and timely way.

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