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Continuous Production Manufacturing


Continuous Production Manufacturing is a manufacturing strategy that produces a part via a just-in-time production approach, and calls for an ongoing examination and improvement efforts which ultimately requires integration of all elements of the production system. The goal of this production method is an optimally balanced production line with little waste, the lowest possible cost and most importantly on-time and defect-free production. Manufacturers often view this process as a work in progress method.

This manufacturing strategy is typically applied in discrete manufacturing as an attempt to handle production volumes comprising discrete units of product in a flow which is more naturally found in process manufacturing. The basic fact is that in most cases, discrete units of a solid product cannot be handled in the same way as continuous quantities of liquid, gas or powder would be.

Discrete manufacturing is much more likely to be performed in batches of product units that are routed from process to process within the factory. Each process may then add value to the batch during a run-time or work-time. It is important to keep in mind that there is usually some time spent waiting for the process during a queue-time or wait-time. It should be understood that the larger the batch, the longer each unit has to wait for the rest of the batch to be completed, before it can go forward to the next process. This wait-time is waste, and represents time lost that is not value-added in the eyes of the customer. This waste is one of the most important elements that are targeted for reduction and elimination in lean manufacturing.

Reducing the batch size in discrete manufacturing is therefore a desirable goal: since it improves the speed of response to the customer, whilst improving the ratio of value-added to non value-added work. However, it is important that it should be balanced against the finite capacity of resources at the value-adding processes. Capacity is consumed by changeover whenever a process is required to perform work on a different part or product model rather than the preceding one. Time consumed in the change over is also considered waste, and it reduces the amount of resource capacity that is available to perform value-adding work.

Therefore reducing batch sizes can also increase handling time, risk and complexity in planning and controlling production.

The paradigm aim is to achieve single-piece flow where a single discrete unit of product flows smoothly from process to process. The bottom line being that the batch quantity is one. If there is no change required in part or product model, then this objective needs to be balanced against the additional handling time, and the work-centers that perform the process will typically have to be arranged in close proximity to one another in a flow-line. This is often a common characteristic of continuous flow manufacturing and most manual assembly work is performed this way in the modern factory.

If there is a change in part or product model, then the process engineer should also consider balancing the changeover time with run-time. If the changeover time is unusually long, as it might be on a machine, batch size reduction is typically preceded with setup reduction techniques such as Single Minute Exchange of Die.

One methodology for Continuous Production Manufacturing is Demand Flow Technology which combines the principles of continuous flow with demand-driven manufacturing. The production planning and control is linked to a pull signal that is triggered from a customer order or consumption of the finished goods stock. A pull signal can also be linked to a process to the down-stream, and synchronize the flow to the demand of the customer.

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